News and Events
"Eric served as a cooperative development specialist at the Northwest Cooperative Development Center in Olympia, WA for over 10 years. As a cooperative development specialist, Eric provided business development services and technical training in business planning, management and governance, accounting and finance. Bowman also serves as the director and board chair of the Tulip Credit Union."
Profession: Executive Director, Nutritional Therapy Association, Inc.
Home State: Washington, U.S.
Career Summary: Eric served as a cooperative development specialist at the Northwest Cooperative Development Center in Olympia, WA for over 10 years. As a cooperative development specialist, Eric provided business development services and technical training in business planning, management and governance, accounting and finance. Bowman also serves as the director and board chair of the Tulip Credit Union.
Areas of Expertise: Cooperative development, natural resources and marketing for value-added/organic agriculture. Eric has a BA, focused on Economics and Business Administration, from Evergreen State College.
Language Spoken: English
Name of project: Cooperative Governance
Country: El Salvador
SPSP Grantee: National Cooperative Business Association CLUSA International (NCBA CLUSA)
Objective: To provide El Salvadorian cooperatives, particularly Board Members and management, governance trainings to help strengthen and grow the cooperatives.
Volunteer Assignment and Impact: During his two-week assignment, Eric worked with four cooperatives in El Salvador—El Jabali, APRAINORES, the Cooperative Association of Organic Producers (ACOPO), and the Cooperative Association of Acocaluco (ACOCALUCO). He provided trainings to the cooperative’s board members and management on governance issues affecting cooperatives, including how to conduct board meetings, the role of the board of directors, conflict resolution, and cooperative principles and values. Eric also worked with these cooperatives on business and financial planning.
While working with the four cooperatives, Eric quickly discovered the members’ understanding of governance and business management was also very limited. In response, he worked with the members to help them understand key governance functions and concepts, as well as helping them develop action plans to put the ideas they discussed into practice. In addition, within all of his trainings with the board of directors, management, and members, Eric focused on participatory and group activities to encourage team-building and emphasize the community aspect of cooperative business. Overall, Eric’s effort to assess each cooperative’s strengths and weaknesses enabled him to tailor the trainings for maximum impact. For example, board members demonstrated an increase in knowledge of governance functions and were excited to implement their action plans.
Name: Charlene Nash
Current title/profession: Senior Horticulturalist at the Tennessee Aquarium
Current hometown: Chattanooga, TN
Areas of expertise: Horticulture
Name of project: Zambia Farmer-to-Farmer SPSP, Senegal Farmer-to-Farmer Project
Volunteer Scope of Work: Improving peanut seed production (Zambia), composing and conservation agriculture (Senegal), soil fertility improvement (Senegal)
Location of the project: Zambia (1), Senegal (2)
Duration of assignment(s): 48 days
Organization that sent the volunteer: NCBA CLUSA
Charlene Nash has volunteered three times with National Cooperative Business Association CLUSA International (NCBA CLUSA) F2F projects this year for a total of 48 days, once in Zambia under the VEGA SPSP, and twice in Senegal. In Zambia, Charlene supported the Chipata District Farmers Association and Community Oriented Development Program members in improving peanut seed production. During the improved soil fertility portion of the training, Charlene introduced compost tea and demonstrated how a solar air and water pump can be used to brew the tea, which is poured over the soil and the compost. Charlene left the device with the farmers and gave instructions so they could each brew tea for their field and then pass it along to other farmers.
Charlene also worked with a group of farmers on marketing strategies for selling their peanut seeds to other local farmers and buyers. She helped them design a logo for their seeds and donated money to the program to get the first 1,000 labels printed. As of September 2016 these farmers are now selling their peanut seed to local buyers in the newly labeled packaging.
Charlene’s dedication to the F2F Program goes far beyond her volunteer work on the ground in Africa. In 2012, Charlene started a nonprofit called Soil Resources Initiative to raise funds to purchase inputs and training supplies for her F2F assignments. Over the past four years she has raised approximately $15,000! Charlene’s goal is to expand Soil Resources Initiative’s fundraising efforts after she retires and can dedicate more time to the nonprofit.
Charlene Nash’s impact is not only in the number of assignments she’s completed, but also in her tireless efforts in the U.S. to educate her community about the important work the U.S. government is doing to promote sustainable international development through the F2F Program.
Charlene, originally from Columbia, South Carolina, is the Senior Horticulturalist at the Tennessee Aquarium in Chattanooga, Tennessee, where she has worked since 1992.
Name: Cliff Wener
Current hometown: Winnetka, Illinois
Areas of expertise: Food service, food processing, hospitality
Name of project: Farmer-to-Farmer in Bangladesh
Location of the project: Bangladesh
Organization that sent the volunteer: Winrock International
Cliff Wener is a food service, food processing and hospitality expert from Winnetka, Illinois. Over the last 12 years, he has lent his time and expertise to Winrock International and other organizations on more than 20 different volunteer assignments around the world. Most recently, Cliff volunteered with Winrock’s Farmer-to-Farmer program in Bangladesh, where he worked with a local food processor to improve food handling and safety practices, introduce new products and recipes, and increase overall productivity and profit. By strengthening food processors, volunteers help create better markets and income for farmers and new jobs for the unemployed. Winrock staff recently talked with Cliff about his past experiences and passion for volunteering. Some of his thoughts are included in the following interview.
What keeps you going back to volunteer?
It’s an opportunity to make a difference on a very personal level. Despite what you read in the newspapers about hostilities between one country and another, the everyday person just needs to get up and go about daily living of providing for family and raising children – just like me in the U.S. It’s really a good opportunity for people to show one-on-one that whatever you read in media, Americans are good people. And for me, I can come back and say, “Okay, the average people from [X country] are good people trying to get through life and make things happen.” People-to-people is what it is all about. My [volunteer] experiences are so rich for me personally, and being able to share the experience with family and colleagues is wonderful thing.
How have your assignments made a difference in your own life?
From a personal point of view, it is an unbelievable opportunity to see what the world is all about. There are approximately 160 million people living in Bangladesh, and up until a couple of months ago, I had no clue. The world is a big place. But now I see things related to countries I’ve been to, and it makes me a better citizen and helps me understand the world and U.S. politics better.
Do you keep in touch with your host organizations? [Host organizations are the organizations that receive volunteer support]
Sometimes I keep in touch with my hosts, and that is a great part of this. It is great if you can see where the host is going, what they tried, what they didn’t try, what has been successful, what hasn’t been successful. Once in a while I’ve gone back to the same country and worked with or visited the same host, and it’s great to see how they are doing. Even if they took one out of your 100 ideas and are running with it, it’s good to know.
Have any of the assignments caused you to do anything differently once you returned?
Never assume. This sticks out [to me]. Everyone comes to the party with different experiences and assumptions. I do a lot of food safety training. Everyone in the U.S. is concerned about keeping clean, and everyone has hand sanitizer, and the grocery store has wipes. And then I come to another country, and I’ve been on assignments where I haven’t had hot water. Coming from the U.S., we have a whole set of assumptions. In my life, when I approach trainings, I talk about what happens in other countries, and I think that presents a more sensitive case on problems and different solutions to the same type of problem.
What advice would you give someone considering volunteering?
Number one, you have to be flexible. A lot of times, the hosts don’t know what their own problems are, or what they say is the problem is not really the root problem. You need to take a 360-degree viewpoint when you come. Recognize that it isn’t necessarily going to be exactly what you thought was going to happen or what you prepared to do.
Why should people consider volunteering?
I think it’s an opportunity, one on one, to make a difference. People really appreciate it. From a personal point of view, it’s a rich and rewarding experience, and if you like to travel, it’s a great way to do so. The saying “teach a man to fish” is trite but still meaningful.
This article was originally written by Winrock International.
"Apart from being a project indicator, promoting a local food system is key to rural economic development. And the establishment of an aggregation center and an IT platform through which producers can sell directly to consumers (a Consumer-Supported Agricultural system) is key to a local foods approach."
Profession: Market Manager, Hoosier Harvest Market
Home State: Indiana, U.S.
Career Summary: After military service in various countries, Michael worked as a financial consultant for several agencies and businesses, conducting profit and risk analysis. For the past two years, he has served as Market Manager for the Hoosier Harvest Market, an Indiana CSA.
Areas of Expertise: Business analysis, planning, project management, agricultural production and processing (as a small farmer and CSA market manager); leadership. Michael has a BS, Indiana University, Kelley School of Business Purdue University College of Agriculture
Languages Spoken: English, Spanish
Name of project: Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) in Colombia’s Orinoquia Region
SPSP Gratnee: Purdue University
Duration of Assignment: 8 days
Volunteer Assignment and Impact: In Colombia, the market conditions for the majority of food produced by small and medium farmers are poorly developed, negatively affecting prices, quality and energy costs. Political and marketing models favor the large-scale producers and generate food market monopolies. In general, there is no contact between producers and consumers, and the market is very variable and inconstant for prices, supplies and deliveries that normally affect small farmers’ stability and profitability. Access to markets is the main problem for small producers, and there are no regional and local markets for direct to consumer sales. Moreover, there is a lack of information about market contacts and potential market opportunities. ICT tools can help resolve many market issues, providing access to information and contacts, as well as opening opportunities to sell and deliver food products directly to consumers. ITC provides also an opportunity to interest young people in agricultural production and markets. Michael led the promotion of a local food system, investigation of feasibility, and recommendations on steps for establishing a direct to consumer local market system for small farmers and processors. Specifically, Michael recommended the following steps:
- Identify 5 - 10 farmers in the Meta region that want to be responsible for the administrative management of the food hub (This will be your first Board of Directors);
- Identify a centralized aggregation location;
- Develop sub-aggregation points to create communication and trust among food hub membership;
- Find local businesses to partner with for order distribution to retail customers, or wholesale marketplaces that will help develop farmer coordination to fill wholesale orders;
- Determine if Local Food Marketplace will be able to fulfill technical needs; and
- Start your online marketplace!
However, while initially Michael was seeking to link Unillanos and the Meta government with the application developers that Hoosier Harvest Market has used Local Food Marketplace, he found a much more appropriate source in Alex Cordona, Colombian-American founder of The Supply Chain Knowledge Company and his new platform called 47FARMS.
“We did not know that these insects could be controlled. Now that we know, we will deal with them.” – Martin Azum, Ghanaian farmer
Name: Dr. Dan McGrath
Current title/profession: Professor Emeritus
Current hometown: Corvallis, Oregon
Areas of expertise: Integrated Pest Management
Education: PhD, Oregon State University
Name of project: Farmer-to-Farmer in Ghana
Location of the project: Bawku West District, Ghana
Name of assignment: Implementation and Training in Integrated Pest Management
Duration of assignment: Two weeks
Organization that sent the volunteer: ACDI/VOCA
F2F Volunteer Finds Link between Hungry Ants and Hungry Farmers in Ghana
In northern Ghana, where nearly half the population lives in poverty amid the vast savanna, agriculture is an important part of the local economy for many people. In recent years, the introduction of mechanized farm equipment has led many farmers to consolidate their fields. Now, tractors and other machines can more effectively and efficiently till the land as there are no trees or separations between plots.
As farming practices and harvests improved, however, farmers noticed the emergence of a new and prolific pest: a species of voracious black ants with a taste for corn—a staple crop in northern Ghana. As the ants feasted, yields decreased, and farmers grew increasingly frustrated in their attempts to eradicate the colonies.
To help farmers find a solution to this problem, USDA Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) volunteer Dr. Dan McGrath, an entomologist from Oregon with 26 years of experience, arrived in Ghana in November 2016 and quickly assessed the importance of his mission. “Success or failure for farmers is measured in sacks of corn. Here, they pay their bills with corn. A family of four needs about 16 50-pound bags to make it through the year,” he explained.
In collaboration with local farmers, Dan and Simon Gaab, an agricultural officer from Ghana’s Ministry of Food and Agriculture, set to work to identify the species, test various baits, and discuss strategies for controlling the ants. After lengthy discussions and investigative work, Dan, Simon, and the farmers concluded that as trees were cut down to join farmers’ fields, black ants flourished in the hot, sunny landscape, while competing species died off as a result of the changed environment.
Dan and Simon proposed both planting more trees and the careful use of insecticide to re-balance the ecosystem, giving hope to farmers in the region. Martin Azum, a 56-year-old farmer and father, attended a clinic run by Dan and the USAID Agricultural Development and Value Chain Enhancement (ADVANCE) II project to learn more about the ant problem. “We did not know that these insects could be controlled. Now that we know, we will deal with them,” he noted.
Dan is planning a second visit to northern Ghana in 2017 through the F2F program. Now that he has identified the species, he will return to test different insecticides and work with farmers to plant trees in their fields, seeking a long-term solution to a persistent threat. Dan’s work is one piece of the broader F2F program, which sends American farmers and agribusiness professionals around the world for short-term technical assistance assignments in food security and agricultural processing, production and marketing. Since 2013, ACDI/VOCA has supported 275 volunteer assignments as part of our West Africa F2F program to promote sustainable economic growth, food security, and agricultural development worldwide.
Name: Dr. Patricia Pratt
Current title/profession: Senior Manager of Expertise Regulatory Affairs, Land O'Lakes, Inc.
Areas of expertise: Global food laws and regulations, quality assurance and food safety
Name of project: Farmer-to-Farmer in the Middle East and North Africa
Location of the project: Lebanon
Organization that sent the volunteer: Land O'Lakes International Development
Food safety is one of the biggest challenges faced by the agriculture and trade industries in Lebanon, with high rates of foodborne illnesses year after year. Land O’Lakes International Development, an independent nonprofit affiliate of Land O’Lakes, Inc., is working to improve food safety and quality in Lebanon through its Farmer-to-Farmer Middle East and North Africa Program (F2F MENA). Land O’Lakes International Development is sending experts to strategic actors throughout the food system in Lebanon who can implementing changes in their respective sectors.
One of the major roadblocks to food safety is the lack of collaboration among actors throughout the food system. In June of 2017 Land O’Lakes International Development sent Dr. Patricia Pratt, Senior Manager, Enterprise Regulatory Affairs at Land O’Lakes, Inc. and an expert in global food laws and regulations, quality assurance and food safety, to recommend changes in areas of food safety and quality across the country. Dr. Pratt worked with five host organizations during her three week assignment, ranging from small private businesses to a government ministry.
One of the most impactful portions of Dr. Pratt’s assignment was leading a two-day workshop with the Ministry of Economy and Trade (MOET). The workshop connected local governments and academic institutions, sectors that have historically had limited collaboration. Hearing about Dr. Pratt’s experiences in food quality and risk assessments and the collaboration between sectors in the U.S. prompted discussion on future partnership opportunities with the common goal of improving food safety and quality in the country, resulting in Public Academic Cooperation (PAC) Initiative.
“We established a collaborative relationship between the ministries and the Universities which had not previously existed. At the end of the workshop, we all realized that we were more alike than different,” Dr. Pratt says.
In addition to enhancing collaboration between government entities and academic instutitions, her breadth of expertise allowed her to lend her support in various ways to other types of organizations as well. She supported private businesses by evaluating the feasibility of a new incorporation business model for a family-owned dry-mix company; and reviewing food safety and quality protocols for a producer of jams, wines and beers. A nonprofit organization also benefitted from her expertise as she helped them to identify potential technical assistance needs for future F2F assignments. Finally, Dr. Pratt assisted a university program by offering guidance on establishing a food sensory program and is currently working on two potential partnerships for the University since her return to the U.S..
Expertise from dedicated volunteers like Patricia can have a widespread impact in places such as Lebanon. Land O’Lakes International Development is thankful for our partners from Land O’Lakes, Inc. for lending some of the company’s top talent and expertise on Farmer-to-Farmer assignments. F2F MENA and the host organizations that Dr. Pratt served thank her for generously volunteering her time in Lebanon.
F2F MENA is implemented by Land O’Lakes International Development and funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
This article was originally written and published by Land O'Lakes International Development here.
"In December of 2014, Heidi, a veterinarian and former Director of the Dairy and Food Inspection Division at the Minnesota Department of Agriculture, traveled to Egypt to help several MCCs and milk processing centers tackle their food safety challenges."
Profession: Adjunct Professor, University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine Location: Minnesota, U.S.
Career Summary: Heidi is a food safety veterinarian with 20 years of broad experience in food safety regulatory programs at the state and national level, food borne disease outbreak investigations, epidemiology, animal disease emergency management and clinical veterinary practice.
Areas of Expertise: food safety, veterinary medicine, emergency management
Education: MPH, University of Minnesota, School of Public Health DVM, University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine
Languages Spoken: English
Name of project: Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Program
Core Implementer: Land O’Lakes International Development
Volunteer and Assignment and Impact: In December of 2014, Heidi, a veterinarian and former Director of the Dairy and Food Inspection Division at the Minnesota Department of Agriculture, traveled to Egypt to help several Milk Collection Centers and milk processing centers tackle their food safety challenges. Milk Collection Centers (MCCs) have popped up in rural areas throughout Egypt to aggregate milk from multiple farmers (mostly women), provide farmers with a fair price for their milk, and also offer veterinarian services and training. However, many of these centers generally lack knowledge of good hygiene practices and food safety protocols and because milk provides the perfect environment for bacteria growth, bad hygiene practices are a recipe for disaster for unpasteurized and pasteurized milk. In fact, there have been an escalating number of zoonotic diseases in Egyptian hospitals, as a result of consuming unsafe unpasteurized milk. In addition to affecting public health, the threat of bacteria in farmer’s milk, whether it will be pasteurized or not, will adversely affect the farmer’s income.
To address these issues, Heidi’s main objective in Egypt was to provide important recommendations to help MCCs reduce the public health risk, improve food safety and quality, and increase the value of the products farmers produce. She visited four MCCs to gain an understanding of their food safety challenges and opportunities, while also providing important hygiene recommendations to help to improve their milk supply. In addition, Heidi also visited three representative farms and met with Field Representatives employed by MCCs. Because milking on farms in done by hand, the threat of contamination is great. Therefore, Heidi shared recommendations with the Field Representatives on how to reduce any contamination that may occur on-farm, to ensure improve the quality of the milk before it arrives at collection centers. Finally, Heidi’s trip concluded in Bani-Suif, where she delivered a seminar to MCC veterinarians, technicians and managers on zoonotic diseases and safe milking procedures. During her seminar she also made recommendations on food safety protocols and hygiene practices.
Name: Matt Cleaver
Current title/profession: International Business Management and Farm Consultant
Current hometown: Santa Cruz, California
Areas of expertise: Mushroom production
Matthew Cleaver has been learning the art of mushroom cultivation since he was a child, working at the Stoller Research Spawn Laboratory in Santa Cruz, CA, where his father worked as a mycologist. Mr. Cleaver has over 15 years in the mushroom industry, and is currently an independent business and mycology consultant, developing new and innovative products and solutions to mushroom production. Mr. Cleaver has an MBA in International Business from the Monterey Bay Institute of International Studies, and a B.A. in Language Studies from the University of California at Santa Cruz. Mr. Cleaver has a working knowledge of 13 languages, and has travelled to more than 70 countries.
Name of project: Farmer-to-Farmer Southern Africa (FY14 – FY18)
Location of the project: Malawi
Organization that sent the volunteer: Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture (CNFA)
The cultivation of oyster mushrooms, which are not native to Malawi, was first introduced in the early 1980’s. Since introduction, mushroom production has not experienced rapid expansion despite its high market potential. In fall of 2014, the USAID Farmer-to-Farmer Program, implemented by CNFA in Southern Africa, supplied volunteer technical assistance to support this promising sector. The goal of CNFA F2F in Malawi for mushroom expansion is to increase dietary diversity, cultivate entrepreneurship, and stimulate economic growth in order to improve the incomes of participating farmers and their communities.
Since its establishment in 2003, members of the Chalera Mushroom Farmers’ Cooperative have experienced difficulties with cultivating mushrooms for sale and consumption. The cooperative, which is made up of 29 women and six men, is located just outside of Lilongwe, Malawi’s capital. Despite initial training provided by the Malawi Government’s One Village One Product (OVOP) program, the mushroom farmers still needed additional training in the best methods for growing mushrooms. However, the local agriculture extension office did not possess mushroom expertise to support mushroom production and the cooperative began to lose motivation as a result of low yields and low profits. Chalera Cooperative was discouraged, but the members refused to give up. They contacted CNFA and requested training from the F2F program to revitalize their business, with a specific focus on training the members in the best methods of oyster mushroom farming and to explore the possibility of in-house spawn production.
Before Matthew Cleaver’s assignment, average sales for the cooperative were 98 kilograms of oyster mushrooms per week. As a result of implementing recommendations from the training, the cooperative is currently selling 168 kg per week, representing a 71% increase in sales. If the cooperative maintains its current rate of production, the potential increase in sales could jump from 5,096 kilograms sold per year to nearly 9,000 kilograms, and the annual revenue for the cooperative could increase from $3,740.25 to $6,400 per year.
Building on the momentum and increase in confidence following Mr. Cleaver’s visit, the growing cooperative built fourteen new mushroom growing sheds. These sheds have dramatically increased the quantity of their mushroom production and sales, and has increased the membership and production power of the cooperative.
In an interview, the cooperative Chairman Notis Chishasha expressed the impact of Matthew Cleaver’s assignment by saying, “I am pleased that we did not abandon mushroom farming, because we now are seeing increased income.”
A member of the cooperative, Mrs. Steria Damisoni, also expressed the beneficial effect of the income hike due to Mr. Cleaver’s technical assistance: “[the increased income] gives me enough to pay other people to work in my maize fields.”
As a result of Mr. Cleaver’s trainings, the Chalera cooperative members now have a hands-on understanding of six of the most successful and widely used pasteurization methods, proper pre-pasteurization substrate preparation, appropriate hygiene etiquette, post-inoculation treatment, growing structure care, as well as crop maintenance and improvement. Mr. Cleaver enables the cooperative to develop the tools they needed to significantly scale up their operation and sizably improve household incomes, strengthening livelihoods and building long-term technical abilities.
Mr. Cleaver’s ability to tailor trainings to his audience and imbed long-tern technical skills is a great asset to the communities in which he works. In addition to his multiple F2F assignments in Malawi, Mr. Cleaver engaged in citizen diplomacy upon his return to the United States, conducting over eight hours of outreach through writing a press release, engaging in group presentations about his experiences, and sharing stories and pictures on social media, reaching over 500 of his colleagues, friends and family.